Forty-five new professors were inaugurated at Uppsala University on 16 November in the grand inauguration ceremony.
Here they present their research. How did our Milky Way galaxy form and evolve?
Where and New love Uppsala muscular adult girl were the various elements formed that make up the Earth and humans? Stars can be compared to fossils, and many of them show on their surfaces the composition of the gas from which they once were formed. By studying carefully selected stars, we can follow the history of the galaxy and the elements and obtain answers to these questions — a kind of archaeology with very long time horizons. To do this, we need to measure the elemental composition of the stars. Almost everything we know about stars comes from investigating the spectrum of stellar light.
Each type of atom absorbs light at its special wavelengths, and we see this as spectral lines. In this way atoms in stellar atmospheres leave their fingerprints in the spectrum, from which we can measure the elemental composition. My research deals with the theoretical calculations of atomic processes in stellar atmospheres.
I and others use these calculations to accurately interpret the complex information of spectral lines and thereby stitch together a detailed and coherent picture of the history of the Milky Way, including an understanding of stars like the Sun, planets like Earth and their origins.
To be able to describe all the different materials and phases of matter in nature, we need to understand how an almost infinite of electrons interact with each other through the laws of quantum mechanics.
As a theoretical physicist, I try to find simple, but universal models that explain the properties of whole families of different materials. My research primarily deals with superconductivity, which is one of the few purely quantum mechanical phenomena we know of. A superconductor conducts electricity — that is, electrons — with no resistance at all. This occurs when electrons form what is known as a quantum condensate at low temperatures. I investigate superconductivity in materials we do not yet fully understand, neither why these materials are superconducting nor what their properties are.
The half electrons are called Majorana fermions, and we have good expectations that their non-local nature can be used to build a stable quantum computer. Computers are the most powerful and most versatile tool of our time for understanding, modelling, protecting and improving the world around us. Though we can build systems with greater and greater computing capacity, their effective performance is limited by the energy and the time required to transfer data. My research focuses on understanding, modelling and solving the problem of how we can effectively transfer data in computer systems.
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This includes developing techniques to analyse and improve software programs, increase the effectiveness of hardware to transfer data, de systems in which hardware and software go hand in hand and create radically new constructions that reconsider our fundamental approach to how we can most effectively transfer data.
By solving these problems, we can achieve a ificant streamlining of data transfer in computer systems and thereby provide better performance for all. Procedural law is the aspect of law most sharply focused on how trials and other proceedings in court are to take place. Inspired by rhetoric, I have, primarily in my dissertation, studied the choice between the spoken and written word in light of both modern technology and experiences in legal history.
What many of my procedural law research contributions New love Uppsala muscular adult girl in common is that they often involve applicable situations of great practical importance for the functioning of the courts.
Systems development work is difficult, and many information technology IT systems do not work in a satisfactory way, despite intensive technological development. My research focuses both on improving the situation and understanding the root of the problems. I am researching ways to improve working methods in the organisations and the projects that develop and introduce IT.
The focus here is user-centric methods, gender, socio-technical perspectives and agile development.
I have also researched the competencies need by people in the projects for them to be able to work with the development of complex systems that support people effectively. Digitisation also has consequences for our work environment, and I have been particularly interested in my research in work environment issues in the development and introduction of IT. The goal of my research is to contribute to improved digitisation that addresses human needs. Children who grow up surrounded by multiple languages can, if New love Uppsala muscular adult girl have an environment that supports it, become multilingual.
Older children and adolescents and adults who end up in a situation where they are surrounded by several languages also can learn one or more new languages if they need to do so, and they will be either helped or hindered by their existing language skills. Instruction can help students develop strategies for their use of language in a new country and simplify their learning of a language. Multilingualism has great benefits for New love Uppsala muscular adult girl individual, but a monolingual standard prevails in many countries, including Sweden. The school system is primarily deed for children and young people who have Swedish as their native language.
This means that those who have other native languages create a problem for the school. The solution has varied, but usually it is the students who must adapt to the school rather than the other way around, and only recently has the focus shifted somewhat from what the students lack to the knowledge and skills they possess. Students must learn Swedish as soon as possible, but if they have to wait until their proficiency in the new language is sufficient before they can their education, they will lose many years.
They need to be able to make active use of their language and other knowledge in their learning.
Why is the feminine subordinate to the masculine? What does sexuality have to do with femininity and being a woman? How is being Nordic construed in gender research?
How do LGBTQ individuals form families, and what can we learn about the norms of Swedishness, parenthood and gender, the future and a sense of belonging of those who do not belong to the majority? These are questions that I, as an interdisciplinary gender scholar and feminist researcher, have investigated.
New love Uppsala muscular adult girl an anthropologist, I am interested in the power structures that shape the experiences and understanding of fundamental aspects of the organisation of society, namely gender, sexuality and reproduction. Inspired by post-colonial perspectives on the development of knowledge in the West, I orient my research towards what is familiar and nearby, rather than what is unfamiliar.
I have studied the area where I grew up and homosexual subcultures, and I have also investigated feminist development of knowledge and politics, always with a focus on how power relationships are woven together and find expression. As a writer, I also investigate how language and style shape bodies, stories and knowledge. This makes it very important that individuals training in the field are competent purely in technical terms, but also in how the technology they are involved in developing is used and its possible consequences from a holistic societal perspective.
In my research I have particularly focused on creating and studying educational settings in which students can develop competencies that lead to an increased ability to collaborate, even across cultural boundaries, with colleagues, other experts, users and others involved in managing complex tasks that can be solved in many different ways.
Some important educational issues regarding competencies are understanding what is needed in different contexts, how this can be described, how students can get hands-on practice and how abilities can be assessed.
Perhaps the biggest challenge is raising awareness of the benefits of competencies beyond the purely technical among students and teaching staff. I am working to strengthen subject didactics research at Uppsala University and internationally with the aim of laying the groundwork for educational programmes in which students develop a professional competence to prepare them to take on the major societal challenges resulting from rapid and pervasive IT developments, both locally and globally. Learning the natural sciences is about learning subject matter content, but it also involves learning to participate in the natural sciences as social and cultural activities.
Who is included in the subjects, which subject matter content is emphasised and what work methods are used — these are key issues in didactics.
In my research I have primarily focused on issues of identity, gender and power in relation to teaching and learning in the natural sciences, especially in higher education. What New love Uppsala muscular adult girl is considered important in the science classroom, New love Uppsala muscular adult girl what consequences does this have for the ability of pupils and students to identify with the subjects?
What is the role of gender and social class for teaching and learning in the natural sciences? Questions such as these, where teaching and learning are examined in relation to a particular academic content, are what interest me about subject didactics. The goal of the research is to contribute to more inclusive teaching of the natural sciences. Watch Anna T. My research domain is primarily ancient Egyptian archaeology. An ongoing research project is a publication on the burial equipment belonging to Seti I and a publication on the excavations and the architecture of the tomb of Siptah both pharaohs who lived around BCE.
I am also working on newly discovered graffiti in the Valley of the Kings — BCE and nearby desert valleys and on literary texts that are preserved in the French Institute in Cairo and in the Egyptian Museum in Turin, especially the oldest map of Egypt. My research focuses on the development of methods that make use of very short pulses a millionth of a billionth of a second, called a femtosecond, of a second from modern laser and X-ray sources.
When these light sources are combined with advanced spectroscopy, the researcher can examine the dynamics in condensed matter at the atomic length and time scales by which the most extreme macroscopic properties of materials are determined. I am particularly interested in rapid transitions between magnetic and electronic states, especially what ultimately limits how quickly such transitions can occur. The processes that interest me are those crucial to the performance of materials used in information technology, for example. The X-ray pulses generated in a free electron laser provide completely new perspectives.
With them you can achieve a precision in space and time that permits detailed studies of the fundamental processes. This method uses electron pulses that are very short and high-energy, moving close to the speed of light. Interaction between light and matter is the basis of life on Earth through photosynthesis, but it can also be used to harness solar energy by converting sunlight into electricity through solar cells or into environmentally friendly fuels through solar-powered decomposition of water into oxygen and hydrogen.
I conduct research on low-dimensional materials for solar cell applications and photocatalysis.
We use the latter in everything from purification of drinking water and light-induced cancer therapy to the generation of solar fuel. Based on the loss of light in specific energy packets, researchers can then derive the vibration energies in materials and thereby understand the chemical bonds that exist or are changed during the processes. The method is called Raman spectroscopy. Both theoretical and experimental Raman spectroscopy are used in my research along with other methods to obtain a better understanding of the material itself and the light-matter interaction and to improve the efficiency of new generations of solar cells, processes for water purification and solar-powered water decomposition.
Weak chemical interactions are extremely important for life processes.
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These interactions determine the properties of the matter in and all around us and whether a substance is water or fat soluble. They are also responsible for keeping our DNA strands together in a stable double helix. Thanks to these weak chemical interactions, each protein has a special structure, which is essential for the performance of their specific functions. These weak chemical interactions also enable pharmaceuticals to have an effect on our body by binding them to their target molecules. My research focuses on the weak chemical interaction known as halogen bonding.
This type of interaction is expected to transform future pharmaceutical development and open unparalleled opportunities in the manufacturing of new materials. Nevertheless, its characteristics are still not well defined, mostly due to lack of sufficiently sensitive techniques for its detection. Halogens frequently are present in pharmaceutical molecules, despite the fact that their importance for the effectiveness of the pharmaceutical are not well understood. I am developing new methods to investigate halogen bonding in various chemical and biological processes in a more reliable way than has been possible up to now.
A molecular understanding of this interaction will allow us to develop new catalytic reactions for more efficient production of various materials and pharmaceuticals. In addition, it will be possible to use halogen bondings to increase the specificity and affinity of pharmaceuticals to reduce side effects.
Much of the violence committed in armed conflicts affects civilians. In many conflicts this New love Uppsala muscular adult girl is committed largely by regular government forces. Violence is expressed in many different ways, such as executions, torture, forced recruitment, sexual violence and property crimes in the form of looting and illegal taxation. What can we make of these abuses?