Fueled by hundreds of interviews from women across the country and many years of extensive experience as a social researcher, Romantic Deception is the essential book for women having trouble with men who lie. Romantic deception is about a man misrepresenting who or what he is -- lying about his marital status, education, occupation, or military background.
It's one thing if someone tells you he's going to love you forever, but then the relationship goes sour. That's just an emotional promise that didn't come true. It's a different matter altogether when a man makes factual misrepresentations -- when he claims to be something he isn't.
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That's what I call 'romantic deception. The stories in Caldwell's book are both shocking and familiar. She details a of these from the perspective of a trained sociologist. In addition, she provides resources that can help you sort of truth from fiction. Certainly, there are a lot of married men running around, pretending that they're single, but that's not the only type of liar out on the prowl.
When the woman I interviewed met him, he was wearing a hospital badge with his name and department -- Dr. They went out to his posh home, and they went all over town in his luxury automobile. But the truth eventually came out.
The guy wasn't a doctor and he wasn't from England. Even though this character could come out of a dead sleep speaking in a British accent, he was actually from Iowa, and he had a pretty long arrest record. He was also the chauffeur for the man who owned the house and car he was using. Caldwell: Yes, I have a rather straightforward definition. Romantic deception is the unrestrained misrepresentation of ificant facts in the context of an intimate relationship. It has to involve misrepresentation of facts -- not emotions. Caldwell: I had the opportunity to observe two romantic liars -- men who pretty much fit the definition I just gave you.
Over time I became intrigued with their behavior. I eventually became so intrigued that I started doing some informal library research just to see if anyone had ever looked at the topic. I quickly determined that it was one of those topics that was, for the most part, totally overlooked. While still mulling the idea around in my mind, I heard a newscast one morning.
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The news segment that caught my attention had to do with a man who had died and left five wives behind. Of course, all of the women were in the dark. That's what convinced me it was time to do some formal research. WebMD: Reading through your bio, I noticed you have a background in sociology. Are these romantic liars part of a larger sociological trend? Caldwell: Sad to say, but I think you hit the nail on the head -- sad to say because I can't be too upbeat about the future on this topic.
I see no reason to think this sort of behavior is going to go away. Caldwell: I doubt that is the case.
Certainly my study was not a cross-cultural investigation, so I really have no evidence. My guess, however, is that lying along the lines I've described and in the context of intimate relationships probably goes on in most societies. It's probably only the nature or content of the lies that would change. I suspect people all over the world -- at least those who are doing the lying -- have a habit of lying about what society defines as important. That's why men lie about status variables, and I suspect we would find that women, at least in our society, are lying a lot about age, or the of times they have been married, or the of children they have.
Caldwell: Glad you asked that because that takes us to the heart of the book. First, romantic liars are very good at what I call information control. So that's the first -- if your partner knows far more about you than you know about him, there's a chance there's a hidden agenda in play.
Another is the presence of a lot of "impression management" -- you have an idea of what your partner is like, but you've never really had any of the information verified. A third -- and this seems to apply in so many cases -- deceptive relationships usually take off like a rocket Another is all the "tending and narrowing" that takes place in the relationship. Romantic liars have a built-in need to keep their partners on a short leash -- out of contact with the real world -- out of contact with people who might know the truth.
As a result, it is common for romantic liars to go to some rather extraordinary lengths to limit a victim's contact with friends, family, co-workers, etc. Finally, a very strong that you're mixed up with a romantic liar is that your intuition will eventually al you.
That's just the way it usually works.
Caldwell: Yes, there are, at least if my research is any indication. As you might expect, a lot of romantic liars tell "availability" lies -- they present themselves as being more available than they really are. A married man claiming to be single would be an example. Some romantic liars specialize in "status" lies -- they lie about their educational background, their occupation, social connections, and so forth.
One of the more interesting themes I discovered is what I call the "personal tragedy" lie -- this involves a lie about a personal tragedy such as the sudden and tragic loss of a loved one or something along those lines. And finally, there's the category that I ultimately called the "just plain crazy" lies -- the lies some me tell about working for the CIA or the FBI, or lies about being a war hero.
Caldwell: The first case that comes to mind would be the case of a phony physician -- a fellow who claimed to move to the U. He drove his girlfriend all over town in an expensive car, took her to the finest places for dinner, even took her out to his lovely home. Then it was discovered that he wasn't a doctor and he wasn't from England, even though he could come out of a dead sleep speaking in a British accent. An equally dramatic case involved a phony attorney. He met a woman, Sick of liars and ladies looking for sex her for about 10 days, and then had to go out of town on business.
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He called her each day just to tell her how anxious he was to get back into town. He eventually got back, and they continued to date for many months. Then, quite by accident, she discovered that his business trip was actually his honeymoon. Caldwell: The stories came from women all over the United States. I also had a couple of stories from women in Canada. Caldwell: Yes, the women I talked to were fairly forthcoming about their stories.
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But I should point out that I talked to women who were ready to tell their stories. A lot of women remain very embarrassed about an incident of romantic deception. The really sad thing about that is that the women end up taking their feelings the shame and embarrassment underground. Many just don't want to discuss what happened.
If more women would step forward, we could really bring this into the spotlight. There's also another thing that operates against women telling their stories. It is not uncommon for people to blame the victim when it comes to romantic deception. In other words, it is common for people to assume that somehow it was the fault of the woman. I deal with that issue at length in my book -- it is a very important issue to any woman who has been though an experience of romantic deception.
Caldwell: No, there is no profile that I was able to discover. The women come from all walks of life and all backgrounds -- some highly educated and others with minimal education, some in modest circumstances and others very well off. I would also add that the women are not necessarily emotionally or psychologically vulnerable -- even though part of the conventional wisdom on the subject says that this is something that happens to emotionally vulnerable women.
Member question: Are these men mostly out for money or is there some other motive like adventurism? Caldwell: That is a really great question because it points out one of the common assumptions -- namely that a romantic liar is a fellow who is trying to con a woman out of her money or other material possessions.
I didn't find that in my research at all. I really think that is part of the myth that is portrayed in the media -- a myth than can, in a way, be a dangerous one. I suspect there are a lot of women who see stories about romantic deception on television say a made-for-TV movie and they tell themselves it is all very interesting but it "couldn't happen to them" presumably because they don't have a lot of money.
Unfortunately, that is the sort of thinking that sets up a woman as a perfect target -- the woman who thinks it could never happen to her. As to why these guys do this I don't know. WebMD: Do you have any idea how many people are affected by these men? Are we talking dozens Caldwell: I have no quantitatively based method to estimate thebut I suspect the cases run into the millions.